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5 Tips for ensuring Fair assessments

Introduction

In today’s rapidly evolving educational landscape, assessing students fairly and maintaining academic integrity has become more challenging than ever due to the prevalence of advanced AI technologies. The allure for students to use AI assistance in assignments, homework, and projects is constant.

Nevertheless, with a robust assessment strategy, educators can ensure the accurate evaluation of students’ knowledge and skills, even in the face of AI. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into seven essential tips to help educators maintain academic integrity and assess students in an AI-proof manner.

No.TipMechanism EffectivenessEasy to implementIs automation possible?
1Prepare AI-proof question paperPreventive (Prevents candidates from using AI by reducing the usability of AI for specially designed questions)HighYes, however, it requires very high subject matter expertise and a high amount of effort.AI, you can actually use an AI question paper generator for preparing multiple sets of unique question papers.
2Use of features of online assessment platformsPreventive (Prevents candidates from using AI by multiple mechanisms)Very HighYes, the implementation of controls is a matter of a few clicks.Yes, the controls are totally automatic once enabled.
3Make the moderation process stringentDetective (Aims to detect if candidates have used AI-generated content or not)ModerateDifficulty to implement, needs extensive training and skill development in the moderator.No readily available tool for this purpose is a manual operation to detect the AI content.
4Communicate with students not to use AI Preventive (Prevents candidates from using AI by proposing ethical bounding and punishments if the rule is violated)ModerateYes, however, the implementation needs a high amount of effort right from making policies to actually holding candidates accountable.No
5Use plagiarism detection toolsPreventive (Detects AI-generated content in answers submitted by candidates)LowYes, easy to implement, but not realistically usable for a large volume of answers.Automation is possible to a limited extent, manual verification is required in the majority of cases.

5 Tips for Academic Integrity-

5 Tips for Academic Integrity

Tip 1. Craft AI-proof Question Papers

To establish a solid foundation for foolproof assessments, start by crafting question papers that are impervious to AI assistance. Blend theoretical and practical questions to gain a holistic understanding of each student’s abilities.

Encourage students to apply their knowledge to real-world scenarios or express their own opinions on complex topics. By doing so, you not only deter AI but also foster critical thinking and practical problem-solving skills.

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Here are some tips to create AI-resistant question papers:

  • Concept-Based Questions: Frame questions that require a deep understanding of the subject matter, rather than simple factual recall. Questions that ask for critical thinking, analysis, and application of knowledge are less susceptible to AI-generated answers.
  • Scenario-Based Questions: Present real-life scenarios or case studies that require students to apply their knowledge and make decisions based on the information provided. This makes it difficult for AI to generate relevant responses.
  • Open-Ended Questions: Use open-ended questions that require students to provide detailed explanations, arguments, or solutions. These questions often necessitate a personalized response that is harder for AI to replicate.
  • Subjective Assessments: Incorporate subjective assessments such as essays, reflections, or creative projects where personal opinions and creativity are involved. AI struggles to mimic human creativity and thought processes.

Tip 2. Leverage Online Exam Features

Online exams offer a plethora of features to control user activity and thwart AI assistance. There are various features of online exam systems that can make online assessments AI-proof in a real sense and help educators maintain the integrity of online exams.

Here are some features of online exams that might in conducting AI-proof assessments-

  • Disable copy-paste function: The most common way students answer using AI content is by simply copying it from the AI engine and pasting it into the online exam window. If students are not allowed to use copy-paste (Ctrl C + Ctrl V) function, they will not be able to use the AI content as an answer in online exam
  • Monitor window switch count: Ideally, the students appearing for an online exam must not visit any other website. If the student tries to open some other websites, that simply means that the student is seeking help from Google or AI bot. With Eklavvya and other leading platforms, you can monitor the window switch count to prevent the use of resourceful websites during online assessment.
  • Employ secure browser: Secure browsers are specially designed browsers that strictly restrict the activity of the user. The user can only attempt the assessment and cannot open any other application or website. This makes sure that the candidate does not utilize any online resources including the AI tools.
  • Use screen proctoring: No doubt that AI is advancing, but proctoring technologies are advancing too! You can actually keep watch on the screen of the candidate during the course of the assessment. This prevents candidates from taking help from AI and from using any other online resources.

Tip 3. Implement Stringent Moderation Processes

Educators should familiarize themselves with common patterns of AI-generated content, including monotonous language and predictable content flow. Share examples of how AI, like ChatGPT, tends to produce such content.

Implement stringent moderation processes to identify and address suspicious submissions effectively. By doing so, educators can actively combat AI misuse and maintain the authenticity of assessments.

Here are some simple tips about AI-generated content that might help in moderating the answer sheets:

  • Language Fluency: AI-generated text might lack human nuances and errors. Look for exceptionally fluent and error-free responses.
  • Unusual Patterns: Check for unusual sentence structures or phrases that seem out of place for the student’s level of knowledge or writing style.
  • Lack of Personalization: AI-generated answers often lack personal touches or specifics related to the student’s background or experiences.
  • Uncommon References: If the answer includes obscure or highly technical references that are unlikely for the student to know, it could be a sign of AI assistance.
  • Repetition: Some AI models tend to repeat certain phrases or ideas throughout their responses.
  • Word Count: Unusually long or verbose responses may indicate AI generation, as the model may try to generate more content than necessary.

Tip 4. Ensure Effective Communication with Students

Clear and direct communication with students is paramount in the battle against AI misuse. Educators should explicitly instruct students not to use AI tools during assessments. Furthermore, consider implementing network restrictions to prevent access to AI websites on the organization’s LAN network during exams. Emphasize the importance of academic integrity and elucidate the negative consequences of AI misuse, empowering students to make ethical choices.

Here are some tips on how to rightly communicate this approach with students:

  • Clear Written Policies: Include a clear statement in your course syllabus or assessment instructions explicitly stating that the use of AI or AI-generated content for assignments, quizzes, or exams is strictly prohibited.
  • Explain the Reasoning: Provide a brief explanation of why AI usage is not allowed, emphasizing the importance of developing their own critical thinking, problem-solving, and research skills.
  • Ethical Discussion: Engage students in discussions about the ethical implications of using AI for academic work, helping them understand why it’s considered cheating or unethical.
  • Honor Code or Pledge: Encourage students to sign an honour code or pledge at the beginning of the course, committing to academic integrity and understanding the consequences of cheating, including AI use.

Tip 5. Harness the Power of Plagiarism Detection Tools

In the ongoing battle against AI-generated content, educators can harness advanced plagiarism detection tools. Familiarize yourself with cutting-edge AI writing detectors, such as Turnitin or Grammarly, and emphasize their effectiveness in identifying AI-generated content. Highlight the importance of maintaining academic honesty and integrity while using these tools as a deterrent against AI misuse.

Here are some tips on using plagiarism checkers effectively:

  • Choose a Reliable Plagiarism Checker: Select a reputable plagiarism checker tool or software that is widely recognized for its accuracy and reliability. Some popular options include Turnitin, Copyscape, Grammarly, and more.
  • Thorough Evaluation: Make sure you evaluate the answer thoroughly and double-check the plagiarism reports. The majority of the answers contain common wordings that are abundant on the internet which makes a genuine answer look like a copied answer.

Conclusion

In an era where AI poses both challenges and opportunities to academic integrity, educators must adapt and implement comprehensive strategies to ensure fair assessments.

By crafting AI-resistant question papers, harnessing plagiarism detection tools, maximizing online exam features, implementing stringent moderation processes, maintaining open communication with students, encouraging innovative assessments, and investing in continuous professional development, educators can effectively safeguard the integrity of the educational system.

These measures not only protect the value of education but also prepare students for a future where AI is a valuable tool, enhancing their capabilities rather than replacing them.