The examination process is one of the key areas for any educational institution or university. It is a crucial evaluation process to grade students. In the case of theory exams, there is a traditional way of evaluation of answer sheets. It is being followed by many universities and education institutes. Physical handling of the answer sheet has many logistical and administrative activities. The following are some of the key stakeholders of the answer sheet evaluation and result processing.
1.Answer Sheet Masking Process
Prior to starting the activity of the answer sheet evaluation process, it is mandatory to mask Roll No, Name of any individual information entered on the main page by the student.
It is an important activity to ensure that the identity of the student should remain hidden while evaluating the answer sheet. Most of the universities need to get an answer sheet on an individual basis and manually put masking paper on the main sheet of the answer sheet.
It is manual activity and takes a lot of time considering the volume of answer sheets available for the masking process.
Some of the institutions are moving towards having bar code on the answer sheet. The bar code of the individual answer sheet should be mapped with a particular Roll Number and Subject.
The presence of only a bar code can ensure that the identity of the student is hidden to the evaluator. In order to implement bar code, the education institution needs to ensure that the mapping of the bar code with a student is accurate.
It is a new technology and method to store information in a single image in the form of a QR code.
The institution can also have a mechanism where QR code would have all the information of students including Name, Roll No, Subject Name, etc.
Shifting information to Bar code/ QR code can help the masking process of the answer sheet.
2. Answer Sheet Evaluation
The first level of answer sheet evaluation is done by the professor or teacher in the respective subject.
Experts of particular subject/topic are assigned the task of checking answer sheets. All the evaluators need to gather at the central location (typically university central location/ hub) to complete the process.
Evaluators are assigned examination answer sheets. Each evaluator needs to physically access answer sheets and mark each page with annotations and assign marks according to answers written by the student.
The evaluator needs to keep track of question paper patterns and total max marks associated with each question.
An onscreen evaluation system can help to eliminate physical handling of answer sheets. This system scans each answer sheet and it is made available for onscreen marking process.
3.Calculation of Total Marks for the Answer Sheet
Each evaluator needs to keep track of total no of questions attempted by the student.
If the exam pattern is to attempt any 3 out of 5 questions and the student has attempted all 5 questions, in such scenario evaluator needs to consider the top 3 questions with max marks obtained by the student while calculating the total.
Manually calculating the total is a time-consuming task. The onscreen evaluation system automates to score calculation process. System takes into consideration examination patter, optional/ compulsory questions, student’s attempt etc. The system automatically calculates the score.
It helps to speed up the answer sheet evaluation process along with total marks calculation.
The evaluator can evaluate a number of answer sheets compared to the traditional way of physical handling of answer sheets using an onscreen marking system.
4.Data Entry of Marks Obtained by Individual in Particular Subject
After then answer sheet evaluation work is completed, the next important task is data entry of the marks obtained by an individual in the respective subjects.
Data entry person needs to manually enter marks in the system/ excel sheet for each individual answer sheet.
This data is useful for result generation and assigning the grade to students based on total marks obtained. The onscreen marking system can simplify this process as entire manual data entry work can be eliminated. The onscreen marking system can directly generate result records for each answer sheet evaluated.
5.Moderation / Rechecking of Answer Sheet
There are rules and regulations defined for each university where a certain percentage of mark sheets need to be re-evaluated by moderator. Moderator is the person assigned to recheck some of the answer sheets already evaluated by the evaluator in the first step.
In this case, there is second to the third level of physical handling of answer sheet. Previously entered marks should be masked manually to avoid influence on the moderator from the first level evaluator of the answer sheet.
The remaking of the answer sheet is manual work and it may take a lot of time. It adds up to delays in the evaluation of the answer sheet. There is the second level of data entry work to enter marks issued by the moderator.
There are various criteria set by the university/ education institution. In case of a large difference in marks issued by evaluator and moderator, higher marks need to be assigned to the student. This criterion varies for each university as per their rules and regulations.
The onscreen marking system can eliminate this hassle as the moderator is assigned a fresh digital copy of the answer sheet. Scores are automatically calculated so final marks to the student can be assigned as per criteria set by the university/ education institution.
Moderation process is an important aspect to scrutinize, correct inconsistencies in marks allotment process. Typically role of the moderator is to recheck answer sheets which are already evaluated by one of the examiners.
While assigning answer sheets for moderation there are various criteria and algorithms used by the education institute and Universities.
Let’s see what are the Rules for Moderation
If Marks are in the range of say 28% to 34% and passing is 35% then assign 100% of those answer scripts for moderation.
If marks are above 90% then assign 50% of the answer scripts for moderation
If marks are in the range of 50% to 80% then assign 10% of the random answer sheets from it for moderation
If marks are in the range of 35% to 50% then assign 5% of the answer scripts for moderation
Above mentioned rules are custom according to the rules of the education institute. In the case of an onscreen evaluation system, you can easily configure such rules and randomly select answer sheets for the moderation from the pool and range of percentage marks.
6. A student requesting a photocopy of the answer sheet
There are cases when a student is not happy about the total marks assigned to him/her in the examination result for a particular subject.
Students can make certain fee payments to get an individual photocopy of the answer sheet. This would be fourth to the fifth level of the physical handling of answer sheets. Someone need to get a physical copy of the answer sheet from the storage, scan it, photocopy it and issue it to the respective student.
Imagine when thousands of students requesting a photocopy of the answer sheet and such thousands of mark sheets need to be photocopied and issued to students situated across multiple colleges/ institutes associated with the university.
This process involves many administrative activities along with paperwork.
The onscreen marking process can handle such a task in a simpler way.
If student requests for a photocopy of the evaluated answer sheet then using online software, evaluated answer sheet access can be issued to the student for a certain number of days.
Students can view answer sheet copy on desktop/ mobile using valid credentials. Entire manual work can be eliminated immediately.